In this article we will find out what osteoporosis is, what the symptoms are, what the causes and treatments are. Obviously we will start from the base, going to understand what osteoporosis is.
What is Osteoporosis?
Osteoporosis is a disease that affects bones, specifically a degenerative alteration of the bones that is characterized by the decrease, in quantity and quality, of the bone tissue. To do it "simple" it is characterized by loss of strength and bone density. This deterioration of bone tissue leads to an increase in fractures, where it is precisely due to the increase in fragility.
It is not by chance that it is precisely the name that leads back to the porous bone, precisely because bone affected by osteoporosis, when viewed under a microscope, presents a honeycomb with holes and spaces much larger than the natural condition of the bone.
It is a widespread disease that can affect both men and women and in most cases affects the spine, hips and wrist.
In the next chapter we will find out which ones are symptoms and risk factors of this pathology.
Osteoporosis, when to worry?
In the previous chapter we found out what it is, but now let's find out how osteoporosis manifests itself.
The symptoms that can make you understand if you have been affected by osteoporosis are many:
- Neck pain
- Bone pain
- Muscular pains
- Back pain
- Hip pain
- Bone fractures
- Sore legs
- Kidney stones
- Hand and wrist pain
- Knee pain
Among the main symptoms however we find fractures of frequent bones, back pain, decreased body size and change in posture
Unfortunately, however, it often happens that osteoporosis, especially in the early years, it develops without symptoms and it is the traumas to the bones that make the disease diagnose. For this reason, in the case of bone fractures over the age of 50, you must ask your doctor for a test to make sure that it is not osteoporosis.
The Osteoporosis can be defined primary o secondary. In the first case when it is associated with the physiological depletion of bone mass, in the second case, instead, if associated with different conditions such as: drugs, blood-related diseases, gastrointestinal diseases and endocrine diseases.
It is also divided into: senile, following aging, e postmenopausal, caused by estrogen deficiency.
Among the other causes of osteoporosis we find: alcohol, coffee, smoking, lack of calcium, lack of movement and thinness, which leads to reduced mechanical stimulation on the bone tissue.
First of all we must know that osteoporosis cannot heal itself, but it can be countered and prevented to halt or slow down its progression. Let's find out how.
The first thing to know is that, to treat it, you need to use specific drugs that have the function of slowing down the loss of bone density. Obviously, before starting a drug treatment, you need to consult a doctor and he will decide if it is the case or not and above all the type of treatment.
Mainly, the drugs that are administered to counter osteoporosis, are divided into three specific categories:
- Anabolic agents: they serve to stimulate the formation of a new bone.
- Agents with double mechanism: weakly inhibit bone resorption and weakly stimulate new bone formation.
- Anti-resorbing agents: reduce bone resorption
In the case of mild osteoporosis or simple osteopenia, medication can be avoided and only vitamin D and calcium supplements may be given. However, calcium and vitamin D supplements must always be associated with drugs since it has been shown to be extremely important for maximizing their effectiveness.
At the base of everything, both in the case of supplements and drugs, there must be a lifestyle appropriate to the health of one's bones. In fact it is important to take care of the diet with a diet rich in milk, to have a weight suitable for one's body size, to imitate the use of alcohol and cigarettes, and to exercise regularly.
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