In this article we will illustrate the symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis, so as to help those who suffer, prevent it and treat it in time. If you still do not know what it is, you can read this short first guide on rheumatoid arthritis.
Rheumatoid arthritis is a disease that tends to progress rapidly during the first 6 years after its onset, but the course is subjective and can be unpredictable. In fact, only 80% of patients develop some permanent joint abnormality within 10 years. It is therefore important be able to carefully evaluate the symptoms always dealing with your doctor, so as to undertake together a treatment based on their needs.
The disease manifests itself initially in various ways, but mainly affecting the peripheral joints of the body such as the hands and feet, the first symptoms can just occur in stiffness and pain of the affected parts, which follow deformity and instability of the joints.
In reality, other symptoms can instead manifest themselves in a sense of malaise in the afternoon, or with inappetence, asthenia and fever.
Swelling, deformation and pain in the joints, sensation of heat and rigidity of the affected parts, swelling of the affected joints and muscular hypotrophy are only among the most common symptoms that, speaking of prevention of rheumatoid arthritis, represent an alarm bell not to be underestimated .
Symptoms on the joints
As already mentioned, there are peripheral joints between the parts of the body most affected by rheumatoid arthritis. Indeed, hands and feet they are the most affected parts and typically the disease attacks them symmetrically. In the joints, a very common symptom is the stiffness. In fact, there are great difficulties in bending the fingers or closing the hand in a fist. In particular, this phenomenon is accentuated in the early hours of the morning and tends to alleviate with the passing of the hours or helping with the magnetotherapy.
Another typical symptom is the swelling. In fact, the parts of the body affected by rheumatoid arthritis tend to ignite causing, in fact, the swelling of the joint. This causes the affected part to become warm to the touch and cause a pain lancinating and acute. In some patients, the swelling also causes the formation of the rheumatoid nodules.
Other common symptoms
Unfortunately, rheumatoid arthritis does not only cause joint problems, but also other problems of a more general nature, more or less related to the main symptoms. I'll explain. Rheumatoid arthritis is a condition that can affect for several years and in some cases even for a lifetime. In severe cases, symptoms such as fatigue and lack of energy, fever, sweating, loss of appetite and weight, may represent only the tip of the iceberg, where the patient could start suffering from psychic problems directly related to the disease. And in this case it is not rare to arise impotence, anxiety, low self-esteem and even depression.
To end, the symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis are many and varied, in fact, in addition to those mentioned, there are patients in which you can also manifest other extra-rheumatoid symptoms to various organs of the body, such as:
Lungs (breathlessness or cough)
Eyes (Sjogren's syndrome)
Blood vessels (vasculitis)
Cardiovascular diseases (diabetes, high blood pressure, metabolic syndrome, atherosclerosis)
More generally, widespread inflammation
Symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis in pregnancy
What to do if the affected subject is pregnant? Fortunately, rheumatoid arthritis does not pose a risk to the pregnant woman or the fetus. In fact, during gestation, in 70% of cases the symptoms tend to improve, but then re-exacerbate after delivery and requiring the use of drugs at important doses (which is why we do not recommend breastfeeding).
However, in any case it is advisable to face a pregnancy when the disease is poorly active, paying attention to the possible intake of some drugs (such as Methotrexate), which may involve the risk of malformations for the fetus.
If you have come this far, you will have guessed that rheumatoid arthritis is a disease not to be underestimated, and if you have only the slightest doubt of being affected, the best thing to do is to contact a specialist doctor. As we have seen, in fact, if not properly treated this can lead to much more serious problems, but if taken in time there are good chances to make it regress.
Thank you for reading our guide, I hope you have been helpful! If this is the case, share this article with your family or friends, you could help someone else to inform themselves in a conscious way about rheumatoid arthritis!